Bonjour! Today’s lesson–a review of passe compose and a list of irregular past participles + links for online quizzes
The passé composé is the most commonly used tense to refer to actions completed in the past. The passé composé may be translated into English in three different ways depending on the context.
|Marie a mangé tout le gateau! >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>||Marie has eaten all the cake!|
|Marie did eat all the cake!
Marie ate all the cake!
passé composé = present tense of auxiliary + past participle
Note that in most instances the auxiliary verb is avoir, but some verbs require être as the auxiliary (SEE CHAPTER 8!).
For regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -er, the past participle is formed by replacing the final -er of the infinitive with -é. Listen carefully to the pronunciation of the passé composé of the verb ‘parler’. The past participle (parlé) is pronounced the same as the infinitive (parler), even though they are spelled differently.
The past participle of regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -ir is formed by dropping the final -r from the infinitive. For example, the past participle of finir is fini.
The past participle of regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -re is formed by replacing the final -re of the infinitive with -u. For example, the past participle of perdre is perdu.
Note that many verbs, however, have irregular past participles. The past participles of many common irregular verbs which have avoir as an auxiliary are listed below.
Negation of the passé composé is formed by placing ne … pas around the conjugated verb, which, in this case, is the auxiliary avoir.
Merci a Tex’s french grammar!