Bonjour! Today’s lesson–a review of passe compose and a list of irregular past participles + links for online quizzes

Uses
The passé composé is the most commonly used tense to refer to actions completed in the past. The passé composé may be translated into English in three different ways depending on the context.

Marie a mangé tout le gateau! >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Marie has eaten all the cake!
Marie did eat all the cake!

Marie ate all the cake!

passé composé = present tense of auxiliary + past participle

Note that in most instances the auxiliary verb is avoir, but some verbs require être as the auxiliary (SEE CHAPTER 8!).

For regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -er, the past participle is formed by replacing the final -er of the infinitive with . Listen carefully to the pronunciation of the passé composé of the verb ‘parler’. The past participle (parlé) is pronounced the same as the infinitive (parler), even though they are spelled differently.

The past participle of regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -ir is formed by dropping the final -r from the infinitive. For example, the past participle of finir is fini.

finir  ‘to finish’

j’ai fini, I (have) finished nous avons fini, we (have) finished
tu as fini, you (have) finished vous avez fini, you (have) finished
il, elle / on a fini, he, she (it) / one (has) finished ils / elles ont fini, they (have) finished

The past participle of regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -re is formed by replacing the final -re of the infinitive with -u. For example, the past participle of perdre is perdu.

perdre  ‘to lose’

j’ai perdu, I (have) lost nous avons perdu, we (have) lost
tu as perdu, you (have) lost vous avez perdu, you (have) lost
il,elle / on a perdu, he, she (it) / one (has) lost ils / elles ont perdu, they (have) lost

Note that many verbs, however, have irregular past participles. The past participles of many common irregular verbs which have avoir as an auxiliary are listed below.

infinitive

translation

past participle

avoir

to have

eu

être

to be

été

faire

to do

fait

ouvrir

to open

ouvert

prendre

to take

pris

mettre

to put

mis

suivre

to follow

suivi

boire

to drink

bu

croire

to believe

cru

voir

to see

vu

savoir

to know

su

connaître

to know

connu

dire

to say

dit

lire

to read

lu

écrire

to write

écrit

pouvoir

to be able to

pu

vouloir

to want

voulu

devoir

to have to

tenir

to hold

tenu

recevoir

to receive

reçu

negation
Negation of the passé composé is formed by placing ne … pas around the conjugated verb, which, in this case, is the auxiliary avoir.

Online quiz: 1. http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=Le-pass-compos-with-avoir

Merci a Tex’s french grammar!